To choose a programming language, you should understand its type, complexity, and functionality. C++ and Java are among the most popular languages, so let's take a look at their differences and strengths.
C++ is an object-oriented and procedural programming language and was created in the 80s of the last century as an extension of C or "C with Classes". It is one of the most popular programming languages in the world and is used in various fields - from application development or server programs to video games. It gained the most popularity in the 1990s, and now it is the working programming language of large corporations - Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, NASA, Google, Amazon.
Java is a "younger" object-oriented programming language. It is cross-platform, which is traditionally called WORA ("write once, run anywhere").
Specialists use Java when developing programs for various platforms (game consoles, regular PCs, smartphones, data centers, smart watches, etc.). Java should be chosen by those interested in DevOps, virtual reality, big data, mobile chatbots and integration. Java is used to develop web applications by Google, Airbnb, eBay, Spotify, Slack, Intel and many other companies.
The Java and C++ ecosystems are very different:
C++ outperforms Java in terms of performance – Java code must be interpreted at runtime, which makes processes running in the language slower;
C++ is considered a more difficult language to learn, and therefore the financial motivation of developers may be greater than in Java;
C++ is suitable for working in a variety of projects, and if you focus on a specific niche, then Java will be an easier way to start working in IT.
Both Java and C++ have strong communities, so there is plenty of information to learn the languages. Whichever language you choose, learning requires motivation and patience, so we wish you success!